Supplementation in children – how to choose vitamins according to the child’s age
Vitamins are ingredients responsible for the proper functioning of individual organs of our body and the whole organism. A properly planned diet can meet his needs for most vitamins, and in the case of deficiencies, you can reach for appropriate supplements.
The problem arises, however, when supplementation is difficult, as in the case of children – the insufficient level of development of internal organs significantly reduces the possibility of administering this type of preparations, so being a parent, it is worth knowing at what age a child can take supplementation of a given vitamin. When to Supplement with Vitamin D? Find out!
Child’s age and the need for vitamins – what is the relationship?
The demand for individual vitamins changes with age and is conditioned not only by the stage of development of a given organism but also by access to a source of specific vitamin and the possibility of taking it. As you know, the best way to feed your baby is by giving him or her breast milk.
Newborns and infants who are breastfed receive most of the ingredients they need as a gift. The exception is vitamin D and K, which contain too little breast milk to provide the baby with the optimal amount. In this case, vitamin D for infants should be supplemented in the dose determined by the pediatrician. Babies who are fed formula milk, in most cases, do not require any additional supplements, because their composition is designed to
When it comes to vitamin D, the need for its supplementation decreases with age – the older the child is, the more various foods he can eat, and thus he gains new sources of vitamins. Also, vitamin D is synthesized in the human body under the influence of sunlight, so when the child begins to walk and play outdoors, he gains a new, natural source of vitamin D.
To meet the daily requirement, you do not need to sunbathe for many hours – just a dozen or so minutes is enough daily. However, this applies to the summer months – in the fall and winter, access to the sun in our country is difficult, so during these seasons, it is worth providing your child with additional supplementation. Your pediatrician will help you determine a safe dose.
The aforementioned vitamin K requires supplementation only at the beginning of life – in an adult, the demand for this ingredient can be fully covered by the diet. Also, bacteria of the digestive system produce it. The intestines of newborns lack such a developed bacterial microflora, so it is necessary to provide the child with additional daily doses of this vitamin.
Immediately after birth, the child should take this dose either intramuscularly or orally. This is very important as vitamin K deficiency may result in hemorrhages.
Contrary to popular belief, additional vitamin C for babies is not necessary – in the case of the youngest, the entire requirement is covered by the mother’s milk or modified milk. As the child grows up, large amounts of vitamin C are taken in with food. For this reason, a varied diet is crucial – a healthy child who is not manifested by vitamin deficiencies does not need supplements.
It is also worth knowing that the excessive amount of vitamins taken may burden the kidneys and liver, and cause unpleasant ailments, such as digestive system disorders, weakness and heaviness, and in some cases lead to kidney stones and kidney failure. If you are wondering or having doubts about the best vitamin D supplement for infants or whether a particular supplement should be given to your child, consult a specialist.
To achieve the best results, you should take care of a healthy diet during pregnancy, and after the baby is born. You should not decide on unjustified feeding.
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