Diabetes – Its types and Risks

Diabetes is a disease of blood disorder in which the glucose level in the blood increases and either body cannot produce enough insulin required or is unable to use the produced insulin. If the glucose level remains high in the blood for too long, then it can cause serious health problems. As there is no permanent cure for diabetes but it can be managed to stay healthy.

There are different types of diabetes, the most common of them are:

Type 1 diabetes

In this type of diabetes, the immune system of the body wrongly attacks and destroys the beta cells present in the pancreas. Because of this, instead of using sugar as energy, the body assembles the sugar in blood. Type 1 diabetes is commonly treated with insulin and correct eating habits by maintaining correct blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

  • Weight loss
  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Shakiness
  • Drowsiness
  • Increased urination

 Type 2 diabetes

This type of diabetes in generally developed due to lack of properly usage of insulin released by our body. It can also be termed as insulin insensitivity and due to this sugar is built in the body causing type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms

Most common symptoms of this type are:

  • Heart stroke
  • Eye sight problems
  • Chest pain/angina pain
  • Weight gain
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Frequent urination

There are various kind of complications that can be developed with high sugar level caused by diabetes such as chronic kidney disease, heart stroke, nerve damage, diabetic-coma, heart attack etc. If diabetes is not taken seriously then it can become very serious and sometimes life threatening.

What is Diabetic Coma?

It is a very dangerous problem caused due to diabetes and can also cause death. It is caused by increase or decrease in the blood sugar levels mainly known as Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia. It can cause brain damage if not controlled. It is a rare but serious occurrence disease. It can be a result of either type1 or type 2 diabetes.

Risk factors for Diabetic Coma

  • Type 1 diabetes: Anyone having hypoglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Type 2 diabetes: People with diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome
  • Surgery/trauma: During surgery blood sugar level increases, it can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. Kidney failure or heart failure can cause risk of diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome.
  • Inadequately regulated diabetes: Ill managed diabetes can cause risk of long term complications and diabetic coma.
  • Irregular insulin dosage: some people with eating disorders do not take proper insulin dose which can lead to serious complications like diabetic coma.
  • Alcohol consumption: alcohol can cause unexpected effects on blood sugar level and can increase risk of diabetic coma caused because of hypoglycemia.